How we react to colours comes from a variety of sources, the natural world, our culture and even semantics. Nature is hugely influential on how we percieve and interpret colours. One of the easiest ways to understand colour psychology is to think about how and when we view specific colours in nature.
For example, when the weather is good we expect to see a blue (calming, serene, trustworthy) sky, green (calming, peaceful, reassuring) foliage, brown (down-to-earth, dependable) earth, yellow (bright, happy, fun) sun, white (peaceful) fluffy clouds. When the clouds are dark grey or black we call them ‘intimidating’ and ‘threatening’, when we see red blood we think of potential danger and emergency and are physiologically stimulated by it (our blood pressure is rises).
Why do we love pictures of tropical scenery so much? They’re mainly full of mid blues and greens which calm and relax us.
We also interpret colours culturally, for example brides wear white wedding dresses in Western cultures and thus the colour has come to symbolise purity and freshness. Green is the colour of a political party ‘The Greens’ in Australia and represents a left wing political view, it’s also the colour of the environmental movement and we talk about ‘being green’ meaning caring about the environment.
Green is also used semantically to represent envy (green with envy), having the blues is another way of saying that you’re depressed, as is a visit by the black dog.
Each time we see a colour we are using our natural perceptions plus our cultural and semantic understandings to interpret it and give it meaning.
Are there any colours that are perceived in a particular way in your culture?